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container import operation practice

summary: in February 1999, a Municipal Light Industry Import and export company (hereinafter referred to as company a) imported 100o tons of paperboard from Chile. Port of entry: Tianjin Xingang, a total of 52 20 foot containers. Specific operations: on February 8th, 1999, company a received a full set of documents from the exporter, including the original ocean bill of lading (three originals and three copies), the original packing list invoice, the contract, etc. Through the port of loading (San Antonio), port of discharge (Busan) and the issuer of the bill of lading, we can learn the following information:

(1) the goods of this bill are transshipped, and we must exchange the original one-way bill of lading for the fax of the second-way bill of lading

(2) the issuer of the bill of lading indicates that the goods of this bill are carried by shipping company B. Knowing the above information, company a contacted the Tianjin Representative Office of company B in time and learned about the ship's dynamics. The cargo started the experimental machine in Busan on February 9 to make it in normal working condition (Pusan - Tianjin vessel/voy: Ling Quan He v.0520w), and learned that Tianjin Ocean Shipping Agency was the ship's agent, We also need to use the fax of the two-way bill of lading to exchange for the bill of lading that is really used for picking up the goods

on February 10, after paying the document replacement fee and container charge at the Tianjin Representative Office of company B, company a exchanged the fax of the two-way bill of lading and a letter of guarantee issued to Tanggu foreign agent. (the content of the letter of guarantee: the original bill of lading of company B has been taken back, please release the goods with this letter of guarantee; please assist in releasing the containers to the consignee and arrange to transport the empty containers back to the designated yard; the container charge has been charged to the consignee, and the tracking of the boxes has nothing to do with the foreign agent.) On February 11, company a took the two-way fax and letter of guarantee to Tanggu foreign agency to pay the bill of lading replacement fee, and immediately sent 1 and 3 copies of the bill of lading and a full set of customs declaration documents to the customs broker for customs declaration. Then the customs broker informed company a that:

(1) cardboard needs commodity inspection, so it needs to do commodity inspection registration first

by the end of 2017 (2) the manifest was not transmitted to the customs computer system, Therefore, it is impossible to pre record the customs declaration form (Lesson 1: before changing the form, we should confirm whether the cardboard needs supervision conditions. If commodity inspection is required, we should bring the inspection application form to the commodity inspection authority to apply for inspection in advance, and then hand over the customs declaration form with the commodity inspection registration seal to the customs broker. Lesson 2: when changing the form, we should confirm with Tanggu foreign agent whether the manifest is sent to the customs, and go to the customs manifest room for confirmation)

due to the above two mistakes, some time was delayed, so that after the customs broker submitted the customs declaration documents to the customs, the customs did not print out the tax forms until the customs finished work, which affected the speed of customs clearance

in the morning of February 12, the customs finished the examination of documents, printed out the tax forms and handed them over to company a to pay taxes at the opening bank. After tax payment, the customs retained copy in the tax bill shall be submitted to the Customs for review. In the afternoon, the Customs issued an inspection notice. 16 20 foot containers are required to be unpacked and inspected at the designated place, and the customs broker is required to issue a letter of guarantee to release the goods, that is, release under guarantee (content of the letter of guarantee: as the customs inspection requires the containers to be first brought from the port to the inspection place for inspection, the customs broker is required to ensure that the goods are inspected first, and then release if there is no problem)

in the morning of February 13, company a carried the white copy of the bill of lading released by the Customs (release under guarantee) and the relevant inspection application documents for three inspections. Generally, all documents (i.e. inspection application documents, including packing list, invoice, contract and customs declaration) were submitted to the customs inspection bank, which applied for inspection on behalf of it. After paying a certain fee, the three inspection agencies stamped the white copy of the bill of lading with the release seals of commodity inspection, animal and plant inspection and health inspection, After the completion of the third inspection procedures, you can go to the port of all goods to handle port miscellaneous. After paying the port miscellaneous fee, you can pick up the goods with the white copy of the bill of lading. In the afternoon, company a timely contacted the relevant departments of the port to arrange the containers, and transferred the 16 20 foot containers designated by the customs to the place designated by the Customs for inspection. After the customs inspection and release, company a will hand over the white copy of the bill of lading to the warehouse contacted in advance. It is expected that 52 20 foot containers will be brought back to the warehouse in the morning of February 14

in the morning of February 14, the warehouse called, and because the delivery order was not prepared, the pickup team was not allowed to leave the port (lesson 3: when the foreign agent exchanged the delivery order in Tanggu on February 11, he did not go to the container management department to exchange the equipment delivery order at the same time, resulting in the disadvantage that the summary may have nothing to do with the content of the query; the other is that the "dynamic summary" method later had difficulties in picking up the goods). In the morning, company a immediately went to Tanggu to exchange the equipment handover form and handed it to the warehouse team (lesson 4: on February 10, when company a brought the original bill of lading to the Tianjin Representative Office of company B to exchange for the fax of the two-way bill of lading sent from Busan, it did not carefully check each container number, and there was a wrong container number in the bill of lading, so that the container was not raised from the port in time, resulting in unnecessary transfer and stockpiling costs]. It was not raised until February 19 after proofreading and correction. Then company a installed the container in time Arrange cars and railway wagons to send goods to the destination. So far, the import operation of this ticket has basically ended

through the actual introduction of this case, we can have a deeper understanding of the whole practical operation of container import, and draw lessons from it. In the future import operation, alloy high carbon steel or low carbon alloy steel, cold working die steel and so on will strive to occupy an active position. Try to reduce intermediate links and transport the goods to the destination in time

container import business process

first, after receiving the full set of documents from the customer, it is necessary to find out which shipping company the imported goods are transported by, which is the shipping agent, and where the bill of lading for customs clearance can be changed. (Note: the full set of documents includes the original bill of lading with endorsement or the copy of telex release, packing list, invoice and contract)


1. Contact the shipping company or shipping agency in advance to determine the arrival time and place of the ship. If transshipment is required, confirm the name of the second trip ship

2. Confirm with the shipping company or shipping agency in advance the order replacement fee, container charge and the time of order replacement

3. Contact the station in advance to confirm the packing fee, unloading fee, loading fee and empty return fee

(to be continued)

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